Signs of Nursing Home Abuse To Lookout For

There are several signs of abuse to the elderly that may aid you in uncovering what is happening to your loved ones. Knowing these warning signs is incredibly important for the health and safety of your loved one.

Elderly people are at risk of being abused at home, in the homes of relatives, and at nursing care facilities. Many of these cases of neglect go unnoticed or under-reported. If you believe that your loved one is dealing with a harmful or neglectful situation or is being financially exploited, there are a few things you need to do to ensure their safety and care going forward.

As older people become frail, they are less likely to be able to stand up to bullying behaviors or to fight back if someone has verbally or physically attacked them. They may not be able to hear or see as well as they could, resulting in opportunities for others to take advantage of them. Because elders often experience physical and mental limitations, they can be more difficult for caretakers to manage.

Elder abuse might not be taken seriously by family members, supervisors, or other loved ones. They may believe the person has developed dementia or is not making any sense. While signs of abuse can overlap with mental deterioration, each case should be investigated — even if the patient is experiencing neglect.

General Evidence of Abuse

You can assume that an elderly individual is being abused if there are changes in their behavior and personality or frequent tension between the elder and their caregiver. If you suspect the elder is being abused, look for additional signs of abuse.

Physical Abuse

Signs and symptoms of physical abuse include the following:

  • Having unexplained broken bones, dislocations, or sprains
  • Bruising, scars, or welts seen on the body
  • Failing to take medications properly
  • Signs of restraint, such as rope marks on the elder’s wrist
  • Broken eyeglasses
  • The refusal of the caregiver to let you be alone with the elderly person


Emotional Abuse

Signs and symptoms of emotional abuse of the elderly include the following:

  • Unusual behavior in the elderly person can resemble symptoms of dementia, including mumbling behaviors, sucking one’s thumb, or rocking behaviors.
  • Witness belittling, controlling, or threatening behavior on the part of the caregiver.


Sexual Abuse

Signs of sexual abuse of the elderly include the following:

  • Unexplained STDs or other genital infections
  • Bruising near the genitals or around the breasts
  • Stained, bloody, or torn underwear
  • Vaginal or anal bleeding unrelated to a medical condition


Caregiver Neglect

Caregiver neglect can manifest itself in the following ways:

  • Leaving the elderly personnel alone at a public location
  • Unsafe living conditions, such as a lack of heat, faulty electrical wiring, fire hazards, or lack of running water
  • Being unsuitably dressed for the weather
  • Not bathing the person or leaving them dirty
  • Living with soiled bed clothing, dirty clothes, bugs, or dirty conditions
  • The presence of bedsores from not turning the patient regularly
  • Having an unusual loss of weight or dehydration


Financial Exploitation of the Elderly

The elderly person is particularly prone to financial exploitation. Signs of financial abuse include:

  • Changes in the elderly person’s financial situation
  • Unexplained withdrawals from the elderly person’s bank accounts
  • Changes in the power of attorney, life insurance policies, property titles, or wills
  • Missing cash from the elder’s home or room
  • Adding names to the signature card of the elder’s credit cards
  • ATM withdrawals when the senior is bedridden and couldn’t have done it themselves
  • Lack of medical care despite having money to afford it
  • Unusual goods, services, or subscriptions the elder couldn’t have signed on for


Healthcare Fraud

This is usually perpetrated by healthcare personnel and includes the following:

  • Evidence of getting too little or too much medication
  • Having duplicate bills for the same services or devices
  • A lack of adequate training for the staff
  • Insufficient amount of staff to care for the elder
  • Evidence of poor care, even when the services are paid in full


Risk Factors for Abuse of the Elderly

Some seniors are difficult to manage because they have a lot of needs, especially when the person is dependent on others for care or has many medical conditions. The demands versus the ability to meet these demands can cause problems that put the elderly person at risk.


Risk Factors Of Caregivers

While many spouses, friends, adult children, and other relatives find that caring for their seniors can be enriching and satisfying, this isn’t the case for everyone Risk factors for elder abuse from the caregiver include the following:

  • Depression on the behalf of the caregiver
  • The caregiver perceives that caring for the senior has no psychological reward
  • The caregiver cannot cope with the stress of caring for the elder
  • Alcohol or drug use by the caregiver
  • Having no support from others to help care for the elder


Even if the caregiver is paid and works for a nursing facility, there can be stress involved that can lead to abuse of the elder. The staff of nursing facilities can be prone to abusing the elderly if they have too many jobs to do, lack appropriate training, work in poor environments, or are unsuitable to care for the elderly.


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